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Temple & Funerary Architecture of Ancient Egypt:
Giza, Luxor, and Abu Simbel
In this exercise, students will embark upon a journey of visual discovery as they view temple and funerary edifices of ancient Egypt, learn about their cultural significance, and compare these monuments to our own.
Time Frame: 3-4 hours
- Examine images of ancient Egyptian architecture.
- On a map, locate important ancient Egyptian architectural sites, then research and describe the functions of these sites.
- Prepare a group report on an important architectural site of ancient Egypt and present the report to the class along with pictures or posters of that site.
- Begin to see the relationship between form and function in architectural structures by examining images of the Pyramids at Giza and the temples of Luxor and Abu Simbel.
- Arrange for the class to see an exhibit of ancient Egyptian artifacts as further introduction to ancient Egyptian culture and history.
- As a means of intercultural comparison, have students document and describe the construction and function of a skyscraper, then compare it with a temple or pyramid of ancient Egypt.
- Have students research the logisitics of how an architect in ancient times would have had to go about directing the construction of such monumental structures. You may want to have them view the Nova episode This Old Pyramid to introduce them to various theories of how the pyramids were built.